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Environmental Values

Who Should Pay for Climate Adaptation? Public Attitudes and the Financing of Flood Protection in Florida

Samuel Merrill, Jack Kartez, Karen Langbehn, Frank Muller-Karger, Catherine J. Reynolds

Environmental Values 27 (2018): 535-557. doi: 10.3197/096327118X15321668325957

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An investigation of public support for coastal adaptation options and public finance options in Florida evaluated stakeholder judgments and how they changed through a participatory engagement process. The study found that public finance mechanisms that imposed fiscal burdens on those who directly benefit from hazard reduction were rated as more acceptable than others. Significantly, visualisations and data on local economic damage and return on investment of potential adaptation options further increased acceptability ratings. The question of whether a development fee for adaptation or any other public purpose supported by private funds is a legal issue that depends on a test called the rational nexus. One concern of this article is to explore options for such fees to cover adaptation to climate change. This raises issues about the potential conflict with the community-wide and intergenerational nature of long-term adaptation. We also explore the relevance of environmental attitudes using the 'new environmental paradigm' (NEP) scale and political party affiliation. Results have implications for infrastructure improvements that require public approval for financing.


Participation, climate change, adaptation, public finance, environmental attitudes

REFERENCES to other articles in Environmental Values:

A Perfect Moral Storm: Climate Change, Intergenerational Ethics and the Problem of Moral Corruption. Stephen M. Gardiner

Adaptation As Precaution. Lauren Hartzell-Nichols

People and Planet: Values, Motivations and Formative Influences of Individuals Acting to Mitigate Climate Change.Rachel Howell, Simon Allen

Sourcing Stability in a Time of Climate Change. Kenneth Shockley

Climate Change and Political Philosophy: Who Owes What to Whom?. Joerg Chet Tremmel

CITATIONS in other Environmental Values articles

Editorial: Pathways to Policy and Management: Knowledge, Process and Venue. Norman Dandy

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