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Environmental Values

New Nature in Old Landscapes: Some Dutch Examples of the Relation Between History, Heritage and Ecological Restoration

Hans Renes

Environmental Values 27 (2018): 351-375. doi: 10.3197/096327118X15251686827714

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ABSTRACT

For most of the twentieth century, nature conservation activities were connected to the protection of agrarian landscapes. During the late 1980s, the introduction of the concept of 'new wilderness' offered new opportunities for ecologists, but at the same time produced conflicts with traditional nature and landscape conservation. At the heart of the conflict were different visions of the relation between nature and society, sometimes resulting in a polarised debate, with opposing Arcadian and wilderness visions. In this paper, the new wilderness will be described from a landscape perspective, envisioning these wildernesses as a phase in the long history of human influences on landscapes and as part of a landscape that is complex and multi-layered. Some examples will show how a sectoral approach to nature leads to projects in which opportunities to integrate the new wilderness into a wider context of landscape and society are missed. In the final part, a prospect will be shown in which (new) wilderness is seen as part of a layered landscape.


KEYWORDS

Landscape, cultural landscape, wilderness, planning, Netherlands

REFERENCES to other articles in Environmental Values:

Concepts of Nature as Communicative Devices: The Case of Dutch Nature Policy. Jozef Keulartz, Henny van der Windt and Jacques Swart

CITATIONS in other Environmental Values articles

Editorial: Rewilding in Cultural Layered Landscapes. Martin Drenthen


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