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Don't Put All Your Speech-Acts in One Basket: Situating Animal Activism in the Deliberative System

Lucy J. Parry

Environmental Values 26 (2017): 437-455. doi: 10.3197/096327117X14976900137340

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In this article I offer the deliberative systems approach as a normative and evaluative approach through which to appraise typically 'non-deliberative' animal activism. Although such actions can contribute to inclusive deliberation through the political representation of animals, I caution against an over-reliance on such tactics, and interrogate the claim that non-deliberative tactics are essential ingredients for prompting the reflection and reconsideration that animal rights philosophy demands. Instead, non-deliberative activism may serve not only to undermine further deliberation but actually to jeopardise animal protection goals.


Deliberative democracy, deliberative system, animal rights, activism

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Editorial: Environmentalism and Democracy in the Age of Nationalism and Corporate Capitalism. Clive L. Spash

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