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Environmental Values

Human-Nature Relationships and Linkages to Environmental Behaviour

Michael Thomas Braito, Kerstin Böck, Courtney Flint, Andreas Muhar, Susanne Muhar, Marianne Penker

Environmental Values 26 (2017): 365-389. doi: 10.3197/096327117X14913285800706

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While many theories exist to explain the complexity of environmental behaviour, the role of individuals' relationship with nature has not yet been fully clarified. This paper attempts to operationalise human-nature relationships. It expands upon a scale assessed by an iterative process of mixed methods in the US and Europe. This scale is then used to assess individuals' relationship with nature, and whether such relationships correlate with environmental behaviour. The value scale of Schwartz's Theory of Basic Values is used to validate the results. The results verify that people hold multiple human-nature relationships, confirm strong correlations between human-nature relationships and values, and reveal that individuals' behaviour is connected to the relationship they have with nature.


Human-nature relationship scale, Schwartz Value Scale, student survey, Austria, Utah

REFERENCES to other articles in Environmental Values:

Rethinking Nature: Public Visions in the Netherlands. Riyan J.G. van den Born

Exploring the Relationship Between Values and Pro-Environmental Behaviour: The Influence of Locus of Control. Anna-Karin Engqvist Jonsson and Andreas Nilsson

CITATIONS in other Environmental Values articles

Editorial: Beyond the Anthropocene: Perspectives on Human-Nature Relations, Old and New. Marion Hourdequin

Global Convergence and National Disparities in the Structure of Environmental Attitudes and Their Linkage to Pro-Environmental Behaviours. Hui-Ju Kuo, Yang-chih Fu

Transforming Fair Decision-Making About Sea-Level Rise in Cities: The Values and Beliefs of Residents in Botany Bay, Australia. Anne Maree Kreller

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