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Environmental Values

How Much is that Ecosystem in the Window? The One with the Bio-diverse Trail

Clive L. Spash

Environmental Values 17(2008): 259-284. doi: 10.3197/096327108X303882


Ecosystems are increasingly characterised as goods and services to allow their valuation in monetary terms. This follows an orthodox economic approach to environmental values, but is also being undertaken by ecologists and conservation biologists. There then appears a lack of clarity and debate as to the model of human behaviour, specific values and decision process being adopted. Arguments for ecosystems service valuation are critically appraised and the case for a model leading to value pluralism is presented. The outcome is to identify the need for value articulating processes which involve open deliberative judgment rather than instantaneously stated preferences, concealed expert opinion and global cost-benefit analysis.


Biodiversity, ecosystems services, economic valuation, judgement

REFERENCES to other articles in Environmental Values:

An Inquiry Concerning the Acceptance of Intrinsic Value Theories of Nature. W.F. Butler and T.G. Acott

Acceptability of Compensation in the Siting of Waste Disposal Facilities. Edmundo Claro

Ethics and Values in Environmental Policy: The Said and the UNCED Paul P. Craig, Harold Glasser and Willett Kempton

Editorial: One wants and one wants not to want Alan Holland

Happiness and the Good Life. John O'Neill

Ethical Motives and Charitable Contributions in Contingent Valuation: Empirical Evidence from Social Psychology and Economics Clive L. Spash

CITATIONS in other Environmental Values articles

Happiness and the Good Life. John O'Neill

Ecosystem Services and Sacred Natural Sites: Reconciling Material and Non-material Values in Nature Conservation.Shonil A. Bhagwat

Value Typology in Cost-Benefit Analysis. Seth D. Baum

Sovereign Citizens and Constrained Consumers: Why Sustainability Requires Limits on Choice. Susanne Menzel and Tom L. Green

Reframing the Value of Nature: Biological Value and Institutional Homeostasis. Franz W. Gatzweiler

Rhetoric as a Means for Sustainable Development Policy. Gael Plumecocq

Alien Invasive Species Management: Stakeholder Perceptions of the Barents Sea King Crab. Jannike Falk-Petersen

Landscape Democracy, Three Sets of Values, and the Connoisseur Method.Finn Arler and Helena Mellqvist

The Building of a Dam: Value Conflicts in Public Decision-Making. Ana Costa, José Castro Caldas, Ricardo Coelho, Maria de Fátima Ferreiro and Vasco onçalves

The Green Economy: Pragmatism or Revolution? Perceptions of Young Researchers on Social Ecological Transformation.Dalia D'Amato, Nils Droste, Sander Chan, Anton Hofer

Widening the Evaluative Space for Ecosystem Services: A Taxonomy of Plural Values and Valuation Methods. Paola Arias-Arévalo, Erik Gómez-Baggethun, Berta Martín-López, Mario Pérez-Rincón

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