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Environmental Values

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Environmental Values

Valuing Fish in Aotearoa: The Treaty, the Market, and the Intrinsic Value of the Trout

Martin O'Connor

Environmental Values 3(1994): 245-265. doi: 10.3197/096327194776679728

New Zealand fisheries management reforms are being conducted in terms of 'balancing' of interests and reconciliation of conflicting claims over ownership and use. Fisheries legislation seeks efficient levels of fishing effort, while establishing 'environmental bottom lines' for stock conservation; resource management law requires, alongside efficiency of resource use, consideration for species diversity and 'the intrinsic values of ecosystems' (notably the 'protection of the habitat of trout and salmon'); and the Treaty of Waitangi safeguards customary practices and life-support requirements (including fisheries) for the Maori people. This paper analyses these antinomies in terms of contrasting ethical positions - utilitarian (self-interested, instrumental) rationality, versus an ethic of reciprocal hospitality - and shows how fisheries management policies can be formulated on this basis.

KEYWORDS: Aotearoa, fisheries legislation, habitat protection, hospitality, Treaty of Waitangi

CITATIONS in other Environmental Values articles:

Equity and ITQs: About Fair Distribution in Quota Management Systems in Fisheries. Ralf Doering, Leyre Goti, Lorena Fricke, Katharina Jantzen

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