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Environmental Values

Hard Facts and Software: The Co-production of Indicators in a Land-use Planning Model

Laureen Elgert

Environmental Values 22 (2013): 765-786. doi: 10.3197/096327113X13781997646610


Using land-use models in deliberative planning is promoted as an example of how environmental decision-making can be subject to both: 1) facts about how the interaction between human action and natural processes; and, 2) local perspectives on how land-use planning processes can incorporate normative concerns. This 'normative' input is often shaped and limited by the presentation of the modelled facts. This paper, however, shows that the selection and measurement of indicators, the primary outcomes of modelling exercises, are subject to a highly particular assessment, influenced by social factors, political choices and technical limitations. This revised understanding does not invalidate the use of models in participatory planning. But it does open up considerable space for stakeholders in deliberative contexts to question and challenge the evidence-based policy implications of so-called 'fact-based' modelling exercises.


Land-use planning; models; co-production; normative influence; public participation

REFERENCES to other articles in Environmental Values:

Participatory Modelling and the Local Governance of the Politics of UK Air Pollution: A Three-City Case Study.Steve Yearley, Steve Cinderby, John Forrester, Peter Bailey and Paul Rosen

CITATIONS in other Environmental Values articles

Editorial: Education for Sustainable Development. Isis Brook

The New Prometheans: Technological Optimism in Climate Change Mitigation Modelling.Michael Keary

Aerosol Geoengineering Deployment and Fairness. Toby Svoboda

Geographers Versus Managers: Expert Influence on the Construction of Values Underlying Flood Insurance in the United States. Emmy Bergsma

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